Rufino Tamayo was born in Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico. Tamayo moved to Mexico City and began studying art at Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, in 1917. Tamayo was influenced by Cubism, Impressionism, and Fauvism, among other popular art movements of the time, but with a Mexican feel. From 1937 to 1949, Tamayo and his wife Olga lived in New York where he painted some of his most valuable works. In 1948 his first major retrospective was done at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, and even though he was controversial, his popularity was high. Tamayo and Olga moved to Paris in 1949 where he remained 10 years. In 1959, Tamayo and his wife returned to Mexico permanently, where Tamayo built an art museum in his home town of Oaxaca, the Museo Rufino Tamayo. The Tamayo Contemporary Art Museum (Museo Tamayo de Arte Contemporáneo), located on Mexico City's Paseo de la Reforma boulevard, where it crosses Chapultepec Park, was opened in 1981 as a repository for the collections that Rufino Tamayo and his wife acquired during their lifetimes, and ultimately donated to the nation. Tamayo painted his last painting in 1989, at the age of 90, Hombre con flor (Man with flower), a self-portrait. Tamayo's work has been displayed in museums throughout the world. Tamayo died on June 24, 1991.
Artworks by Rufino Tamayo